IF YOU HAVE ANY DIFFICULTY READING THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS THEY ARE IN LARGER TYPE ON OUR WEBSITE WHERE THEY CAN BE EASILY INCREASED TO WHATEVER SIZE YOU REQUIRE BY COPYING AND PASTING THEM INTO WORD.
Please read these Terms and Conditions of Sale (‘terms’) and only proceed with your purchase either directly or as agent if you wish to be bound by them/bind your client to them. Please contact Goodman Fine Art Limited (“GFA”,“us” or “we”) if you wish to discuss any of the terms.
1. PURPOSE AND EFFECT
1.1 The terms constitute the entire agreement and understanding (“the agreement”) in relation to the sale and purchase of the work (or works) of art identified on the invoice (“the Work”) for the price stated on the invoice (being the agreed price for the sale of the Work to you) (“Price”). We confirm that to the best of our knowledge we either own the Work or are authorised to sell it on behalf of the owner.
1.2 All sales of Works by us are subject to these terms. Without limiting the ways in which these terms apply, acceptance of these terms shall be demonstrated:
(1) by your signature or that of your agent on the invoice; (2) by full or partial payment of the Price; (3) by any other words or conduct demonstrating your or your agent’s acceptance (for example by you or your agent accepting our offer to sell the Work to you which offer will always be subject to these terms); or (4) by your signature or that of your agent on the delivery note.
1.3 You shall on demand indemnify and keep us indemnified in full against all loss, costs (including legal fees and court costs) and expenses incurred by us as a result of the agreement being breached in any way in full or in part by you. We may, but are not obliged to, mitigate our losses, liabilities, costs and expenses.
2. STATEMENTS ABOUT THE WORK AND INSURANCE VALUATIONS
2.1 We do not accept any liability as a result of any changes in expert opinion which may take place subsequent to the sale. Where provenance is stated we may rely on details provided to us by other reputable dealers, auction houses and other expert bodies and details passed on to us by our clients from such entities without needing to make independent investigation ourselves. Provenance may be partial and exclude auction sales. We do not guarantee such provenance. Sizes are approximate even if not stated to be so. We will refund the purchase price of a work if within two months from delivery to you or as you have initially designated you provide us with a letter written by a widely acknowledged expert in the artist that the work is not authentic (subject to any such diminution in value you may have caused to such work).
2.2 Insurance valuations given by us are subject to the qualifications that they are given in good faith but that each original work of art is just that and that we seek to estimate values based on recent auction prices and prices at which we have sold previous works. These valuations are a guide to value and do not form any representation that you will achieve such a price on sale and are not a guarantee of value. You should renew valuations at least once a year. For more certainty we recommend that you seek two independent valuations.
2.3 Statements as to condition of a Work are based on our opinion only, are non-exhaustive and are based solely on what can be seen by the naked eye and we are not expert in any way and you should rely only on your own inspection or that of your expert. We do not remove Works from their frames, cases or housings of any form or examine them under ultra-violet light. We do not accept any liability for the condition of a Work and all Works are sold as seen. The responsibility for ascertaining the condition of a Work remains fully with the purchaser/and or their agent. All expressions of condition are given as a general guide only and are deemed to be additionally qualified by reference to the age and material of a Work in that normal ageing will have effected a Work and some materials are more fragile and flawed than others by their nature. Should you wish to instruct a condition report to be carried out by an expert, we will make the Work available to such expert at a location to be agreed between us. If we provide you with images of the Work as part of your assessment of the condition of the work or for your records, we do not accept any responsibility for their quality or resolution or lighting used, but you agree that you will be on full notice of any defects shown by such images and provision of such images in no way reduces you responsibility to independently assess the condition of the Work.
3. PAYMENT OF PURCHASE PRICE
3.1 You must pay us the invoice Price for the Work, together with any delivery costs, any VAT and any amounts payable to us under clause 7, by bank transfer or such other methods as we agree, within 5 business days of the date of the invoice (unless specified otherwise on the invoice or statement). Payment is deemed received when we have cleared funds. Without prejudice to any other right or remedy we may have we are entitled to charge interest on late payments (before as well as after judgment) at the rate set out in the Late Payment of Commercial Debts (Interest) Act 1998 or where that Act does not apply at the rate of 2% per annum above Lloyds Bank plc base rate. If you fail to make payment within 5 business days you agree that we may cancel the sale.
3.2 You are not entitled to withhold payment of any amount payable to us by reason of any dispute or claim by you whether by way of set off, counterclaim or other deduction. In the event of non-payment or other breach, we shall be entitled to obtain and enforce judgment without determination of any claims by you.
3.3 Under the terms of the anti-money laundering regulation effective from 10 January 2020 we are required to conduct customer due diligence (CDD) on all sales of works of art over Euros 10000 and you agree to provide us with the requisite information on demand and, if you are an agent, you represent that you have conducted all AML procedures required by the laws, regulations or other guidance of the United Kingdom, that you are not aware of any reason why your clients would meet such regulations and that you have verified that they are using their own funds. We reserve the right to require you to present such documents as we may require to confirm your identity or your client’s identity. We do not accept payments from third parties. GFA does not take cash payments under any circumstances.
Personal data obtained by a business under the Regulations may only be processed for the prevention of money laundering and terrorist financing we have your consent for or it is allowed by other legislation.
3.4 If we extend credit to you, ownership in the Work remains with GFA until full payment has been made by you. Should you fail to pay the amount due within the timeframe agreed, you agree that we have the option to cancel the sale to you (and refund any partial payments you have already made).
If you as another art market participant effect the sale of a work we are involved with (for example we have found it and paid for it) you confirm that you have conducted all due AML/CDD checks and that you will provide us on request with any identification or other documents (such as proof of address and certificate of incorporation) you have obtained or should have obtained and we agree in return that we will not contact the client unless they are already a client of ours and we can prove this to you by sending you a copy of a prior invoice sale to them by us.
If you have arranged the export of artworks sold by you in a transaction we are involved with you also confirm that these items have been exported and that you have documentary proof of this and will provide us with a copy on request.
4. COMMISSION PAYABLE BY US TO THIRD PARTIES OR TO OURSELVES AND MEANING OF NET RETURN TO US WHEN YOU SELL AN ITEM OF OUR STOCK AS A DEALER OR PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL
4.1 We may pay a commission to ourselves or any party who has assisted us with the sale of the work to you or who has introduced you to us. You agree that we are not required to disclose this commission to you.
4.2 "Net return" to us means the price agreed to be returned to us with no deductions whatsoever, for example, for expenses of any kind you have incurred including ARR, VAT or any other regulatory or legal charge.
5. DELIVERY OF THE WORK AND PASSING OF RISK
The Work will be delivered following receipt of the full Price by us in cleared funds.
5.1 We will deliver the Work to the address both parties have agreed in writing unless it is agreed in writing that you should collect it from us. You are responsible for all costs of delivery or collection unless we agree otherwise in writing. We do not accept responsibility for the use of a particular shipper and you must satisfy yourself of their appropriateness and expertise.
5.2 You will be responsible for the Work, for the risk of damage to it or loss of it and also for insuring it, from the time and date agreed for its delivery and you agree that thereafter you will not hold us responsible for insuring the Work or for any loss or damage to the Work. Any loss or damage prior to delivery shall be covered by the terms of our insurance then in effect and we shall have no liability for loss of profit, business, revenue or incidental, consequential, or exemplary damages.
5.3 If you fail to accept delivery of the Work at the agreed time we may charge you for the reasonable costs of storage, insurance and re-delivery and risk in the Work shall immediately pass to you and you irrevocably authorise us to deposit the Work with you if delivery has not occurred within six months.
5.4 Dates quoted for delivery are approximate and we shall not be liable for delay. Time of delivery shall not be of the essence nor capable of being made of the essence. You will provide us with all necessary information and documentation to facilitate delivery.
6. PASSING OF OWNERSHIP
6.1 Full legal title to the Work will not pass to you until we have received in full in cleared funds all sums due in respect of the Work and any other amount owed by you to us and we are satisfied as to your identity and that of any third party payer.
6.2 If you have possession of the Work before full payment has been made, you undertake as our fiduciary agent and bailee to:
6.2.1 keep possession of it, not sell it, export it or hand it over to any other person or dispose of any interest in it and in the case of a Work consisting of more than one item, keep those items together;
6.2.2 keep all identifying marks showing that we own the Work clearly displayed and store the Work on your premises and at no cost to us, separately from other property with adequate security measures;
6.2.3 at our request, and after we have given you reasonable notice, allow us or a third party acting on our behalf to have access to the Work in order to inspect it;
6.2.4 preserve the Work in the same state as it was on delivery and in particular, not restore, repair, clean or reframe it without our written consent and take all reasonable steps to prevent any damage to or deterioration of the Work; and
6.2.5 keep the Work comprehensively insured for not less than the invoice Price, have our interest noted on the policy as an additional named insured and provide a copy of such notification to us.
7. EXPORT AND LOCAL TAXES
7.1 If the Work is to be exported from the United Kingdom, whether to other countries within the EU or outside the EU, we will normally make appropriate arrangements for export and shipment and may make a reasonable additional charge for doing so. Unless agreed otherwise in writing, the agreement is not conditional upon the granting of any requisite export licence or permission which both parties will use their best endeavours to obtain.
7.2 Each party will to the extent such obligation is applicable to that party in connection with the sale and/or export of the Work :
7.2.1 comply with all requirements of any relevant tax authorities (that is, any authority imposing, administrating or collecting any tax, duty or levy including HM Revenue and Customs), any export licensing authorities and any other relevant official bodies; and
7.2.2 obtain all the relevant documents showing proof of export without delay.
7.3 You will reimburse to us any sum claimed if any relevant tax authority or other official body makes any claim against us for VAT, sales tax, use tax or any other expense or penalties resulting from your failure to comply with any relevant requirements for export and import.
7.4 When upon its sale to you the Work is intended for export, you will be charged for VAT on the Work should it not be exported.
7.5 You will be responsible for paying any taxes including but not limited to import tax, duty, merchandise, sales or use tax that have to be paid in the country of destination whether on shipment or on import or at any other time.
8. BREACH BY YOU
8.1 If you fail to pay the Price in full (or if we agree with you payment by set instalments and you fail to pay any one or more instalment) in accordance with clause 3.1 above, or if prior to you paying the Price in full you fail to comply with the obligations set out in clauses 6 and 7 above, or otherwise do or fail to do anything which may in any way imperil our ownership of the Work or the Work itself, we are entitled (without prejudice to our other rights and remedies at law) to either:
8.1.1 terminate the contract for sale, repossess the Work and claim damages for any loss we have suffered; and/or charge you interest on the amount unpaid at the rate set out in the Late Payment of Commercial Debts (Interest) Act 1998 or where that Act does not apply at the rate of 2% per annum above Lloyds Bank plc base rate from the date when payment was due until payment is made in full; and/or retain any sums paid; and/or to further seek to mitigate the loss by selling the Work on such terms as we may reasonably consider appropriate and to claim the balance from you; or
8.1.2 at our election, treat the sale as cancelled, and repossess the Work, in which case (and only in which case) and as your sole and exclusive right and remedy we shall following the safe return of the Work, refund to you any part of the Price you have paid, after deduction of any sums due to us including but not limited to costs of recovery and restoration of the Work.
8.2 We shall also have the right to repossess the Work and cancel the sale if before you make full payment of the purchase price to us, (1) proceedings occur in the UK or elsewhere involving your solvency (or if you are more than one person, jointly and/or severally) or (2) we reasonably apprehend that insolvency is about to occur in relation to you or otherwise have genuine doubt with respect to your capacity to pay the Price in full, then we or our agent may, at our option, immediately repossess the Work and/or terminate the sale with or without notice whereupon, without prejudice to any other rights and remedies available to us, you will return the Work to our nominated address (at your sole risk and cost), or, at our option, we or our agent may enter the premises where the Work is kept to regain possession. Nothing herein shall limit other rights available to us pursuant to applicable law.
8.3 Where we notify you of the exercise of our right to repossession, at our option you will within seven days of such notice, return the Work to our premises at your cost and risk or tell us where the Work is kept and allow us to enter the premises where the Work is (separately) kept and take the Work away at your cost (it being understood that where the Work consists of more than one item, our rights of repossession extend to all such items).
9. LIMITATION OF OUR LIABILITY
Any claim against us must be brought within a period of six years from the date of the invoice for the Work or, if we have been guilty of any fraud or deliberately concealed a relevant fact in relation to the Work within six years after you have discovered this, or could have discovered it if you were reasonably diligent. We shall not accept any claim after these periods. We shall not be liable for loss of profits, business, revenue (whether direct or indirect) or indirect or consequential loss or damage, if any, which you may suffer in connection with buying the Work howsoever arising including negligence. Any liability to you for breach of our obligations whether in contract, tort (including negligence) or otherwise, shall be limited to the price paid for the Work provided that nothing in this clause 9 limits or excludes our liability for: (a) death or personal injury caused by our negligence or any of our agents; and/or (b) fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and/or (c) our wilful default.
We will have the right, but not the obligation, to rescind a sale without notice to you, where an adverse claim is made by a third party, including but not limited to, someone claiming ownership of the Work. Upon notice of our election to rescind the sale, you will promptly return the Work to us and we will then refund the Price paid. The refund of the Price paid will constitute your sole remedy and recourse against us with respect to such claims.
Any notice to be given to us or that we must give to you in connection with the sale of the Work must be in writing and sent by post, or delivered by hand, to our address on our invoice or to your last known address as notified to us by you as the case may be and shall be deemed delivered on delivery if by hand or on the third day after posting if posted.
12. FURTHER INFORMATION: NON – TRADE BUYERS
This clause applies only where the sale of the Work is directly to an individual acting for purposes which are wholly or mainly outside that individual’s trade, business, craft or profession (“the Consumer”). It is not our standard policy to sell works of art exclusively by electronic mail/other methods of distance communication, however, in the exceptional case where a contract for the sale of the Work is concluded exclusively through such distance communication with a Consumer and the relevant provisions of The Consumer Contracts (Information, Cancellation and Additional Charges) Regulations 2013 apply to the sale of the Work in question then:
12.1 We confirm that Goodman Fine Art Limited is the party to whom any complaints or comments should be directed.
12.2 If you have concluded a transaction exclusively at a distance you have the right to cancel the contract for the purchase of the Work in question within 14 days from the day on which you acquire, or a third party other than the carrier and indicated by you acquires, physical possession of the Work. Where the Work consists of more than one item (which are to be delivered separately), such cancellation period will expire after 14 days from acquiring physical possession of the last item.
12.3 If you cancel a contract concluded exclusively at a distance for the purchase of the Work, we will reimburse to you all payments received from you, including the costs of delivery (except for the supplementary costs arising if you chose a type of delivery other than the least expensive type of standard delivery offered by us). Without prejudice to any other rights or remedies which may be available to us in law or in equity, we may make a deduction from the reimbursement for loss in value of the Work, if the loss is the result of unnecessary handling by you. We will make any reimbursement to which you are entitled without undue delay, and not later than:
12.3.1 14 days after the day we receive the Work back from you; or (if earlier)
12.3.2 14 days after the day you provide evidence that you have returned the Work.
12.4 If we do not receive the Work back from you, we may arrange for collection of the Work from you at your cost.
13. LAW AND JURISDICTION
These terms and conditions and any non-contractual obligations arising from or in connection with them shall in all respects be construed and take effect in accordance with English law and both parties agree to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts subject always to clause 15.
14.1 Notwithstanding clause 13 above, we may, by giving written notice to you, elect to have any disputes arising out of, or in connection with, the sale and purchase of the Work referred to a single arbitrator in London to be resolved in accordance with the Arbitration Act 1996. Such arbitrator shall be an acknowledged expert in the work of the artist concerned. The seat of such an arbitration will be London and the language to be used in the arbitral proceedings will be English. In the event that the parties cannot agree upon an arbitrator either party may apply to the President of the Law Society of England and Wales for the time being to appoint as arbitrator a King’s Counsel of not less than 5 years standing. The decision of the arbitrator shall be final and binding, and enforceable in any Court having jurisdiction over you.
14.2 Save that the parties acknowledge each other’s right to seek, and the power of the High Court or other appropriate courts to grant, interim relief without a need to post a bond or other security, no Court action shall be brought in relation to any claim or dispute until the arbitrator has made a final award. Any dispute concerning this agreement, as well as the Price shall be kept confidential by you.
15. GENERAL TERMS
15.1 Both parties agree that in entering into the agreement neither party relies on, nor has any remedy in respect of, any statement, representation or warranty (“Representation”), negligently or innocently made to any person (whether party to this agreement or not) including without limitation any Representation made prior to or at the same time as the agreement is entered into, other than as expressly set out in the agreement as a warranty. The only remedy for breach of any warranty shall be for breach of contract under the agreement. Nothing in the agreement shall operate to limit or exclude any liability for fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation.
15.2 The benefit of the agreement and the rights thereunder shall not be assignable by you and any attempt to assign your obligations shall be null and void. None of our obligations under this Agreement are transferable to subsequent purchasers or other future possessors of the Work. We may sub-contract or assign our obligations. 16.3 In the case of a consumer contract within the meaning of the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977, these conditions shall not apply to the extent that they would be rendered void or unenforceable by virtue of the provisions thereof.
15.3 Neither party intends the terms of the Contract to be enforceable by a third party pursuant to the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999.
15.4 We shall not be liable for any breach of the agreement due to causes or events outside our reasonable control. In such circumstances we shall be entitled to exercise our rights under clause 8.1.2. The non-performance of a person or company or other like entity to complete a sale to us of an artwork we have sold to you, shall not be a cause of any action by you; in such circumstances we will make reasonable efforts to replace such item if that is reasonably possible although often it will not be as the artwork will be unique.
16. The parties to the contract shall act in good faith.
Goodman Fine Art Limited, 37, Duke Street, St. James’s, SW1Y 6DF; company number 07664364; VAT no. 119828977; firstname.lastname@example.org